Echinacea purpurea, commonly called purple coneflower, is a coarse, rough-hairy, herbaceous perennial native to moist prairies, meadows, and open woods of the central to the southeastern United States (Ohio to Michigan to Iowa south to Louisiana and Georgia). It typically grows to 2-4' tall. Showy daisy-like purple coneflowers bloom throughout summer atop stiff stems clad with coarse, ovate to broad-lanceolate, dark green leaves, which are great as a fresh cut or dried flower. The dead flower stems will remain erect well into the winter, and if flower heads are not removed, the blackened cones may be visited by goldfinches or other birds that feed on the seeds.
They are quickly grown on average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Best in full sun. An adaptable plant tolerant of drought, heat, humidity, and poor soil. Divide clumps when they become overcrowded (about every four years). Plants usually rebloom without deadheading. However, prompt removal of spent flowers improves general appearance. Freely self-seeds if some of the seed heads are left in place.
Light: Full Sun, Part Shade
Water: Low, Moderate
Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Origin: Eastern North America